Ukraine is the largest state in the European territory with its area of 603.6 thousand square kilometres. For its territory, it is greater than such European countries as Spain, France. Ukraine occupies the area of about 5.7% of the area of a whole Europe. Territory of Ukraine bears traces of a large number of different cultures and various nations. These are ancient burial mounds and settlements of Azov region, ancient Slavic settlements and later classical architecture. The unique natural and climatic conditions of Ukraine, as well as the presence of the mountain systems the Crimea and the Carpathians allow for the development of all types of active tourism and seaside is able to receive any number of beach lovers.
Kiev is the capital of Ukraine, the political, administrative and business centre of the state. Kiev lies on both banks of the Dnieper River, below the confluence of the Desna. More than half of the city is covered with forests, public green spaces and reservoirs. On the territory of Kiev also flow the Lybid, the Syrets, the Vita, the Gorenka, the Nyvka. In general, the water bodies occupy a large area in the city. The city is surrounded by almost continuous ring of coniferous and deciduous forests. Within the city, there are large natural and artificial parks. Favourable natural conditions of Kiev resulted in the formation and development of the two climatic resorts: Pushcha-Voditsa and Concha-Zaspa. In total, about 70 resorts, hotels and holiday homes operate in the city. On the territory of the city are the botanical gardens, arboretum, zoo and several parks-monuments of landscape art. In recent years, Kiev is rapidly transforming into a major junction of air transport. Within the city, operate the airport ‘Kiev’ (Juliani) and at a small distance – the largest airport in the country ‘Borispol’. At the end of 2010, in Borispol was opened a new terminal F, in the final stage is the construction of another, the largest terminal D. There are about 30 museums, over 20 theatres and many cinemas, a significant number of permanent art exhibitions in Kiev. The most famous museums are the National Museum of History of Ukraine, Museum of Ukrainian Fine Arts, the Museum of Western and Eastern Art. The historical building of the city occupies the entire central part. Here, 3 state reserves are located: State Historical and Architectural Reserve ‘Ancient Kiev’, National Forest ‘Sophia of Kiev’, National Kiev-Pechersk Historical and Architectural Reserve. In addition, in the city there are 6 architectural and 8 archaeological reserves. Under the protection of the state are 3,736 monuments of archaeology, history, architecture and town planning, monumental art. Of these, 243 have the status of the monuments of national importance, including 51 monuments of international importance (under UNESCO definition).
The pearl of the Carpathians with the official founding date of 1827. In the same year, were already known: a source of sulphide mineral water, hydrogen sulphide bathes. Their medicinal properties were described by Vytsehom Ochko in his works in 1578. With time, new sources were found and their healing properties were proven. Two pump-rooms with mineral waters, more than 25 health centres and about 20 hotels are situated in Truskavets, in the heart of the city park. Being in Truskavets, you will forget about your problems and plunge into a quiet harbour. Here, the body is treated and recovered and the soul relaxes.
Lviv is one of the most beautiful cities of Ukraine and Europe. Lvov is ancient city built as far back as in 1256. It got its name in honour of the king Leo. In its long time it experienced a lot. Here, in the old part of the city, everything has a lot to tell and the atmosphere of mysteriousness is still hovering in the air. Lvov is not only extraordinarily beautiful city; it is the most important political and cultural centre of Western region of Ukraine. For its geographical location, it has always played a huge role in the relationship between the countries of Central and Eastern Europe as well. Lviv is the city in western Ukraine founded in the 13th century by Prince Daniil Galitsky. Centuries ago Lions was the capital of Galician principality, and it was first mentioned in chronicles in 1256. Despite its long history, the city has managed to remain many buildings built almost immediately after its foundation; you can still find here both old houses and temples, and cosy narrow streets. Some wealthy residents invited talented architects from all over Europe in the 16-17 centuries who have made the appearance of Lviv truly inimitable.
Odessa is the pride of Ukraine. It is not only the largest port, cultural and industrial centre of the country but also a famous resort. In 2014, the so-called Northern Palmyra celebrated another anniversary – 210 years. Thanks to countless bars, restaurants, clubs and beaches, Odessa has long since become one of the most popular resorts. Every summer, thousands of tourists come here to swim enough, acquire a light Ukrainian tan and arm with exciting experiences for the whole year. Today, the legendary capital of humor has also become a centre of entertainment for those young and energetic.